Memphis - was believe to be the ancient capital of Egypt, but with the rise of Cairo it became the work yard for the new city, Cairo. There is theories that it is built by the great architect Imhotep, it was already a sea of ruins from fourth century A.D. The "Bent Pyramid" is famous because it is the best preserved in the necropolis. (see third photo) the first two photos are the "Red Pyramids"
Saqqara - 30 kilometer south from Cairo, there are about more than 100 pyramids standing there before, but now only some pyramids are can be seen like the "Zoser's Pyramid"or "Stepped Pyramid", it is said to be the ancient burial for the ancient Egyptians that time. The Saqqara Pyramids are said to be 500 years older than Giza Pyramids.